A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE CITY OF CORK

CORK IN THE MIDDLE AGES

According to tradition Cork was founded by St Finnbarre in the 7th century. He built an abbey there. Its name comes from the Gaelic Corcaigh, which means marshy place. For centuries the abbey at Cork flourished and it was famous for learning. However in 820 the Vikings raided the abbey and the settlement nearby. The Vikings then created their own town on an island in the River Lee.

In 1172, after the first English invasion of Ireland, Cork was surrendered to the English king. Following the English conquest stonewalls were built around Cork. In 1185 Cork was given its first charter (a document granting the townspeople certain rights).

During the Middle Ages Cork was a busy port and an important town (although it would seem no more than a village to us with a population of probably not more than 2,000). Animal hides and woollen cloth were exported from Cork and wine (the drink of the upper class) was imported.

In Cork there were also the same craftsmen you would find in any Medieval town such as blacksmiths, potters and shoemakers.

In the 14th century an Augustinian Abbey was built in Cork. Today all that remains of it is Red Abbey Tower.

In the 13th century the friars came to Cork. Friars were like monks but instead of withdrawing from the world they went out to preach and help the poor. In Cork there were Dominican friars (known as black friars because of their black costumes) and Franciscan or grey friars.

In 1349 the Black Death came to Cork and it may have killed half the population of the town. However Cork recovered from the disaster.

In 1491 a man named Perkin Warbeck arrived in Cork. He claimed to be the rightful king of England and in 1492 tried to overthrow Henry VII. The mayor of Cork and several important citizens went with Warbeck to England but when the rebellion collapsed they were all captured and executed. After the attempted rebellion Cork became known as ‘rebel Cork’.

CORK IN THE 16th AND 17th CENTURIES

At the end of the 16th century the English built a fort to overawe the population of Cork. It was destroyed in 1603 but it was rebuilt. The Elizabethan fort was burned by the anti-treaty forces in 1922 during the civil war.

In 1649 Cork was captured by Cromwell.

By the mid-17th century Cork was a flourishing town with a population of about 5,000 (most of them living outside the Medieval walls). By the standards of the time Cork was a large and important town.

However in the 1660s Cattle Acts forbade the Irish to export cattle to England. After that Cork began to export vast amounts of butter and beef instead.

In 1690 Cork underwent a 5 day siege by the army of William of Orange. Cork was captured by John Churchill, William’s general, and afterwards the walls were destroyed.

CORK IN THE 18th CENTURY

In the late 17th and early 18th centuries French Protestants (Huguenots) arrived in Cork fleeing from religious persecution. The Huguenot Quarter and French Church Street gets its name from them.

Many new buildings were erected in Cork in the 18th century. Christ Church was built in 1720-26. St Anne’s Shandon was built in 1722-26. The famous Shandon bells were installed in 1752. South Chapel was built in 1766. South Presentation Convent was founded in 1776 by Nano Nangle.

During the 18th century Cork was a busy port. A Custom House was built in 1724. In the 18th century Cork exported large amounts of butter to Britain, the rest of Europe and North America. Large quantities of beef were also exported. A Corn Market was built in 1740. The Butter Market was built in 1750.

CORK IN THE 19th CENTURY

During the early 19th century the population of Cork exploded. By the middle of the 19th century Cork had a population of about 80,000. Some of the increase was due to immigration from the countryside as people fled from poverty. There was a great deal of poverty and overcrowding in Cork during this century. However in the later 19th century the population of Cork declined slightly. (At that time the population of the whole of Ireland fell substantially).

From the time of the potato famine (1845-1849) onwards Cork was the main port for emigrants from Ireland to the USA and other countries. It remained the main port for emigrants well into the 20th century as vast numbers of people fled extreme poverty.

During the 19th century important industries in Cork included, brewing, distilling, wool and shipbuilding. Cork was also, of course, an important port. During the 19th century large numbers of Irish people emigrated from Cork. In 1852 an Irish Industrial Exhibition was held in Cork.

Parliament Bridge was built in 1806. A new Custom House was built in Cork in 1818. Cork County Goal was built in 1825. The Court House was built in 1835. Cork Workhouse was built in 1840. Cork City Goal was designed in 1867.

There were a number of improvements in Cork during the 19th century. In 1825 Cork gained gas light. The Cork Examiner was first published in 1841. The railway reached Cork in 1849. Also in 1849 University College Cork opened. The first fire brigade in Cork was formed in 1877. The first public library in Cork opened in 1892.

Mercy Hospital was founded in 1857. A Statue of Father Matthew was erected in 1864.

St Mary’s and St Anne’s Cathedral was built in 1808 but it burned down in 1820 and had to rebuilt. St Patrick’s Church was built in 1836. St Fin Barre’s Cathedral was consecrated in 1870.

In the late 19th century some of the worst slums in Cork were demolished by the Corporation. However the inhabitants were not rehoused by the corporation. They were forced to find new housing where they could in the city. The sites of slums were sold to the Improved Dwellings Company. They built ‘model’ dwellings with street names such as Prosperity Square and Industry Place. The new houses were too expensive for the poor and most went to skilled workers.

CORK IN THE 20th CENTURY

The National Monument was erected in 1906.

Honan Chapel was built in 1915.

In March 1920 the RIC (Royal Irish Constabulary) murdered the Lord Mayor of Cork, a man named Tomas Mac Curtain. In October 1920 the next Lord Mayor, a man named Terence MacSwiney, died while on hunger strike in a British prison.

In 1920 the British government formed a paramilitary organisation called the Black and Tans (named after the colour of their uniforms). They were sent to Ireland to reinforce the RIC.

Cork suffered severely at the hands of the Black and Tans. In December 1920 the Black and Tans burned large parts of the city centre including the City Hall. It was rebuilt and reopened in 1936.

Furthermore during the Irish civil war Cork was held temporarily by the anti-treaty forces.

Dalys Bridge was built in 1926.

Christ the King Church was built in 1937.

During the 20th century slum clearance continued in Cork and did not end until the 1960s. New estates of public housing were built to replace the old slums.

In 1917 Henry Ford opened a car factory in Cork.

However the Buttermarket in Cork closed in 1924.

Furthermore in the late 20th century the old manufacturing industries in Cork declined. The Ford factory closed in 1980. So did the Dunlop tyre factory. Shipbuilding in Cork also came to an end in the 1980s. As a result of these closures unemployment was high in Cork in the 1980s.

However in the 1990s new industries came to Cork. Marina Commercial Park was built on the site of the old Dunlop and Ford plants. Loughmahon Technology was also created at that time. Cork Airport Business Park first opened in 1999. Today other industries in Cork include chemicals, brewing, distilling and food processing. Cork is also a busy and important port. Tourism is also an important industry.

Cork Public Museum opened in 1945.

Cork airport opened in 1961.

In 1963 President John Kennedy visited Cork.

Cork Opera House was built in 1965.

Parnell Bridge was built in 1971. Trinity Bridge was built in 1977. Michael Collins Bridge was built in 1984.

The first Cork Jazz Festival was held in 1978. Triskel Arts Centre was founded in 1979.

Bishop Lucey Park or City Park opened in 1985. Furthermore the Butter Museum in Cork opened in 1985. Cork’s Neptune Stadium was also built in 1985.

The National Sculpture Factory opened in 1989. Also in 1989 Merchants Quay Shopping Centre opened.

The Lee Tunnel opened in 1999.

CORK IN THE 21st CENTURY

Cork was chosen to be European City of Culture in 2005.

Today the population of Cork is 136,000.

CORK LOCAL HISTORY

  • Newmarket Court (1725-1994), Duhallow Heritage Project, Newmarket, 1994. NLI Ir 720 n 10
  • Barry, E. Barrymore: the records of the Barrys of Co. Cork, NLI Ir 9292 b 19
  • Bennett, G. The history of Bandon & the principal towns of the West Riding of Cork, Cork, 1869. NLI Ir 94145 b1
  • Bowen , Elizabeth Bowen’s Court,., London, 1944. NLI Ir 9292 b 18
  • Brady, W. Maziere Clerical and Parochial Records of Cork, Cloyne and Ross (3 vols.), London, 1864.
  • Cadigan, Tim Tracing your Cork Ancestors, Dublin, Flyleaf Press
  • Caulfield, R. Council Book of the Corporation of Kinsale, Guildford, 1879.
  • Caulfield, R. Council Book of the Corporation of Youghal (1610-1659 1666-87 and 1690-1800), Guildford, 1878.
  • Cole, Rev. J.H. Church and Parish Records of the United Dioceses of Cork Cloyne and Ross, Cork, 1903.
  • Collins, J.T. Co. Cork families 1630-35, Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society No 204 1961
  • Cusack, Mary F. A History of the City and County of Cork, Dublin, 1875.
  • Darling, John St Multose Church Kinsale, Cork, 1895.
  • Dennehy, The Ven. Archdeacon History of Queenstown, Cork, 1923.
  • Ellis, Éilis Emigrants from Ireland 1847-52, Baltimore, GPC, 1977, NLI Ir 325 e 5
  • Gibson, C.B. The history of the county and city of Cork, London, 1861. NLI J 94145
  • Grove-White, Col. James History of Kilbryne, Doneraile, Cork., Cork, .
  • Grove-White, Col. James Historical and Topographical Notes etc. on Buttevant Castletownroche Doneraile
  • Mallow and places in their vicinity, Cork, 1905-16.
  • Holland, Rev. W. History of West Cork and the Diocese of Ross, Skibbereen, 1949.
  • Hore, H.J. The Social State of the Southern and Eastern Counties of Ireland in the Sixteenth Century, 1870.
  • MacSwiney, Unpublished manuscripts,
  • O’Flanagan & Buttimer (eds) Cork History and Society, Dublin, Geography Publications, 1994. NLI Ir 94145 c 25
  • O’Murchadha, D. Family Names of Co. Cork, Glendale Press, Dublin, 1985.
  • O’Sullivan, Florence The History of Kinsale, Dublin, 1916.
  • Power, V. Rev. P. Waterford and Lismore: A Compendious History of the Dioceses, Cork, 1937.
  • Quinlan, P. Old Mitchelstown and the Kingston family, NLI Ir 941 p 66
  • Reedy, Rev. Donal A. The Diocese of Kerry, Killarney, .
  • Smith, Charles The ancient and present state of the county and city of Cork, Dublin, 1750. See Journal of the
  • Cork Historical and Archaeological Society 1893-4
  • Tucky, Francis The County and City of Cork Remembered , Cork 1837. NLI Dix Cork 1837
  • West, W. Directory & picture of Cork, 1810. NLI J 914145
  • Williams, R. Allan The Berehaven Copper Mines, Allihies, Co. Cork, Northern Mine Research Soc., Sheffield, 1991. NLI Ir 621 w 5
  • Windele, J. Cork: historical & descriptive notices … to the middle of the 19th century, Cork, 1910. NLI Ir 94145 w 3

CORK LOCAL JOURNALS

Bandon Historical Journal
NLI Ir 794105 c 1

Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society
NLI Ir 794105 c 1

Kinsale Historical Journal
NLI Ir 95145 k 5

Seanchas Chairbre
NLI Ir 94145 s 6

Seanchas Duthala (Duhallow magazine)
NLI Ir 94145 s 3

CORK DIRECTORIES

1787: Richard Lucas, Cork Directory Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, 1967
1788: Richard Lucas, General Directory of the Kingdom of Ireland. National Library Positive (microflim) 3729
1787 Richard Lucas, Cork Directory, Journal of the Cork Hist. & Arch. Soc. 1967
1788 Richard Lucas, General Directory of the Kingdom of Ireland, NLI Pos. 3729
1797 John Nixon, Cork Almanack, NLI Pos 3985
1809 Holden, Triennal Directory
1810 William West, Directory of Cork, NLI Pos 3985
1812 John Connor, Cork Directory. Also 1817, 1826, 1828. NLI Pos 3985
1820 J. Pigot, Commercial Directory of Ireland
1824 J. Pigot and Co., City of Dublin and Hibernian Provincial Directory, NLI
1846 Slater, National Commercial Directory of Ireland, NLI
1856 Slater, Royal National Commercial Directory of Ireland, NLI
1870 Slater, Directory of Ireland, NLI
1875 Francis Guy, City and County Cork Almanack and Directory, NLI Ir 91414 g 9
1881 Slater, Royal National Commercial Directory of Ireland, NLI
1886 Francis Guy, Postal Directory of Munster, NLI Ir 91414 g 8
1889 Francis Guy, City and County Cork Almanack and Directory. Annually from this year.
1894 Slater, Royal Commercial Directory of Ireland, NLI

Cork Estate Records

Lord Arden National Library Manuscript 8652. Rentals 1824-1830, all tenants. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Bregoge, Buttevant, Castlemagner, Clonfert, Dromtarriff, and Dungourney.

Earl of Bantry : National Library Manuscript 3273. Rentals, 1829, all tenants covering townlands in the civil parishes of Kilcaskan, Kilcatherine, and Killaconenagh (Barrymore 22barony): Tenant Farmers on the Barrymore Estate Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society Vol.51 pp31 40

Bennett: Rental of the Bennett estate 1770 (mainly Cork city and surrounding areas). National Library Positive (microfilm) 288

Sir John Benn Walsh: Donnelly, J.S., The journals of Sir John Benn Walsh relating to the management of his Irish estates (1823-64). Journal of the Cork Hist. & Arch. Soc. Vol. LXXXI, 1975

Bishop of Cork: National Archives M6087; Rentals 1807-1831, major tenants only. Townlands in the civil parishes of Aghadown, Ardfield, Fanlobbus, Kilbrogan, Kilmocomoge, Kilsillagh, Ross, St Finbarr’s, Skull.

Boyle Cavendish National LibraryMss 6136 6898, The Lismore Papers. Rentals, valuations, lease books, account books for the estates of the Earls of Cork and the Dukes of Devonshire, 1570-1870. Generally covering only major tenants. A detailed listing is given in National LibrarySpecial List 15. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Ahern, Ardagh, Ballymodan, Ballynoe, Brinny, Clonmult, Clonpriest, Ightermurragh, Kilbrogan, Killeagh, Killowen, Kinneigh, Knockmourne, Lismore, Mogeely, Murragh, St Finbarr s, Youghal,

Richard Cox: National Archives Gordon Presentation 214; rentals 1839, major tenants only. Townlands in the civil parishes of Aghinagh, Clondrohid, Desertserges, Fanlobbus, Kilcaskan, KIlmeen, Kilmichael, Kilnamartery, Macloneigh.

Earbery estates: National Library Manuscript 7403; Rentals 1788-1815 (Principally major tenants), National Library Manuscript 5257, Full tenants list, 1800. Townlands in the civil parishes of Aghabulloge, Clondrohid, Donoghmore, Kilmurry.

Robert Hodges Eyre: National LibraryMss 3273, 3274. Rentals, 1833 and 1835, of the Bere Island estate, all tenants. Civil parish of Killaconenagh.

James Graham : National Archives M2329. Rentals c. 1763, major tenants only. Covering townlands in the civil parish of Killathy.

Rev. Edmund Lombard: National Library Manuscript 2985. Rentals, 1795, major tenants only. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Kilmacdonagh and Kilshannig Newenham? 55: National Library Manuscript 4123. Rentals, c.1825, all tenants. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Kilcrumper, Kilworth, Leitrim, Macroney.

Richard Neville: National Library Manuscript 3733. Rentals of lands in Cos Cork, Kildare and Waterford. Principally major tenants. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Aglishdrinagh and Cooliney.
O Murchadha, D. “Diary of Gen. Richard O Donovan 1819-23”, Journal of the Cork Historical and Archaeological Society, 1986. (Lands in West Cork).

Perceval, Lord Egmont: Rentals, 1688-1750, major tenants only.
National Library Positive (microflim) 1355 (1688);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4674 (1701 12, 1713 14);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4675 (1714 19);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4676 (1720 24, 1725 27);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4677 (1728 33);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4678 (1734 38);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4679 (1739 41, 1742 46);
National Library Positive (microflim) 4680 (1747 50).
Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Aglishdrinagh, Ballyclogh, Bregoge, Brigown, Britway, Buttevant, Castlemagner, Churchtown, Clonfert, Cullin, Dromtarriff, Hackmys, Imphrick, Kilbrin, Kilbrogan, Kilbroney, Kilcaskan, Kilgrogan, Kilmichael, Kilroe, Liscarroll, Rathbarry.

George Putland 22: Nl Mss 1814-1827. Eleven rentals of land in Cos Cork, Carlow, Kilkenny, Tipperary,and Wicklow. Principally major tenants. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Garrycloyne, Matehy, and Templeusque.

Thomas Ronayne: Nl Manuscript 1721. Rentals 1755-1777. major tenants only. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Carrigaline, Clonmel, Killanully, Kilquane, Middleton, and Templerobin.

Shuldam : Nl Manuscript 3025. Estate map 1801-1803, with some tenants names given. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Dreenagh, Fanlobbus, Iveleary, and Kilmichael.

(No landlord given): National Library Manuscript 13018. Rental, c.1835-37, major tenants only. Covering townlands in the civil parishes of Castlelyons, Gortroe, Knockmourne, and Rathcormack.

(No landlord given): National Library Manuscript 3273. Rentals, 1821, covering all tenants. Townlands in the civil parish of Kilmocomoge

CORK GRAVESTONE INSCRIPTIONS

(BY CIVIL PARISH)

Aghadown: Glebe, C of I, IGRS, GO,

Aghinagh :
Caum, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.216 1967. Also O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 8
Ballaghboy IGRS, GO. Also Cork County Library

Ballyclogh : Village of Ballyclogh, Main St, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Ballycurrany :
Ballycurrany West, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.237 1978
Ballydesmond, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6
Ballyhoolahan East, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Ballymartle : Mill-land, C of I, Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society,235, 1989,

Ballymodan :
Clogheenavodig (Kilbeg?), WCHC,
Knockanreagh, RC?, , WCHC,

Ballymodan : Knockaveale, St Peter’s, Droichead na Banndan Community Cooperative Society Ltd,, Bandon, 1986,
Ballynakilla, Castletown Berehaven, IGRS, GO,
Ballynamona, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Ballynoe: Ballynoe Cemetery, a guide and brief history, Ballynoe, Co. Cork, Ballynoe Cemetery Committee, 1993, NLI, Ir 9295 p(3(1),
Ballyvourney : Glebe, C of I, , , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6
Brinny: C of I, , WCHC,

Buttevant : Templemary, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Caheragh :
Caheragh, RC, IGRS, GO,
Cappyaughna, RC, IGRS, GO,

Carrigrohanebeg:
Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No. 218 1968
Castle-land (Buttevant?), C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Castlemagner : O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Churchtown : Village of Churchtown, Georges St, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Clondrohid :
O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6
Clonfert, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Clonfert : Newmarket, Main Street, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6

Clonmeen : Clonmeen North, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.7

Clonmult :
Ballyeightragh, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.223/4/5 1976/7
Cloonaghlin West (Killaconenagh?), Cork County Library,
Cooranuller, C of I, IGRS, GO,

Creagh : SkibbereenIGRS, GO,

Cullen :
Cullen, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6
Curradonohoe, Bere Island, IGRS, GO,

Dangandonovan : Kilcounty, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No. 229 1974

Desertmore : Kilcrea, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No. 219 1969

Doneraile : Oldcourt (Donraile), , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Drishane : Millstreet, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Dromtarriff :
Garraveasoge or Dromagh, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8
Dromtariff, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Dunderrow : Horsehill More North, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No. 224 1971

Fermoy : Carrignagroghera, , The Irish Sword, Nos 51/3 1977/9 (Military only)

Inchigeelagh :
Glebe, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6
Inchigeelagh interior, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6
Inchigeelagh New, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6

Kilbrin : Castlecor Demesne (Kilbrin?), , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Kilbrogan : Kilbrogan, RC C of I, Droichead na Banndan Community Cooperative Society Ltd,, Bandon, 1986,

Kilcaskan : Adrigole, C of I, IGRS, GO. Also Cork County Library
Kilcatherine : Gortgarriff, IGRS, GO,

Kilcoe : IGRS, GO,
Kilcorney:
O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.7
Kilcrea Friary, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No. 226 1972
Kilgrogan: O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Killaconenagh : Clanlaurence, Cork County Library,

Killeagh : Town of Killeagh, Main Street, C of I, Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.226 1972

Kilmeen : Glebe (Boherbue?), C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6
Kilmocomoge : Bantry (St Finbarr’s)IGRS, GO,

Kilmonoge : Coolnagaug (Kilmonoge?), , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, 251, 1987,

Kilnaglory : Kilnaglory, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.220 1969

Kilnamanagh : Cloan (Kilnamanagh?), Cork County Library,

Kilnamartry : Glebe, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.6

Kinsale :
Kinsale, Church Street, C of I, Kinsale inscriptions (C of I), Kinsale, The author,
Kishkeam, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6

Liscarroll : Village of Liscarroll, Main Street, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Lisgoold : Lisgoold East, C of I, Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.237 1978

Macloneigh: O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Macroom : Castle Street, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Magourney : Coachford, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

Mallow :
Mallow, Main Street, RC, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8
Mallow, Main Street, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey,

Middleton : Middleton, RC, The cemetery, Church of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary […], Middleton, Canon B. Troy, 1994, NLI, Ir 9295 t 1, Vol. 8
Millstreet (Old), , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6

Mourneabbey : Kilquane (Mourneabbey?), , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11
Nohaval Lower O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Nohavaldaly : Knocknagree, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 6

Rathgoggan :
Charleville, Main Street, C of I, O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11
RodeenIGRS, GO,
Rossmackowen, Cork County Library,

Shandrum : Dromina, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol. 11

St. Finbars : Curraghconway, C of I, St Finbarr’s Cathedral, 1897,

St. Peter’s : Duncan Street, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, 252, 1988,

Timoleague : Castle Lower, C of I, , GO,

Tisaxon : Tisaxon Beg, , Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.222 1970

Titeskin : Journal of the Cork Historical & Archaeological Society, No.221 1970

Tullylease : Tulllylease, , O’Kief, Coshe Mang, ed. A. Casey, Vol.8

Youghal : Nelson Place, , The Handbook for Youghal, 1896/1973,