DARGANs, DORGANs, HARTNETTs
Griffith’s Valuation of County Cork, Ireland
GRIFFITH’S VALUATION OF TENEMENTS, 1848-1864
Sir Richard Griffith’s “Primary Valuation of Tenements, 1848-1864” was undertaken to assess property and to assign tax. Since the destruction of the Public Record Office in 1922, the ‘Valuation’ is an important source for tracing families living in Ireland about the middle of the nineteenth century. In addition to giving the name of each occupier or tenant, it gives the name of his townland or city location, the area and value of his landholdings. Essentially, Griffith’s Valuation describes six distinct geographical areas.
Beginning with the smallest to largest:
The townland was and is the smallest officially recognized geographical unit in rural Ireland, varying in size from a few acres to several thousand. The average area was 350 acres. There are more than 65,000 recorded in the 1851 Townlands Index. It is not clear how they began. Boundaries tend to go with the topography of the area.
Number: There are 5429 Townlands in Cork
Use: used in Tithe Applotments Books and Griffiths Valuations
Civil parishes were the original units of administration of the medieval church in Ireland and were used right up to the end of the nineteenth century for local and central government. Because of this, they are extremely important for Irish genealogy, providing, for example, the only means of connecting a placename to the Roman Catholic records which cover it. Today, the civil parish is a state unit of territorial division for census and valuation purposes. The ecclesiastical parish is a unit of church administration and generally includes a number of civil parishes. When the Protestant Faith became the state religion it took over the civil parish as its base unit and this became the guide to tax collecting and census enumeration.
Number: There are 253 Civil parishes in Cork.
Use: Protestant parishes today are generally a combination of several civil parishes.
Up to the end of the nineteenth century, counties were subdivided into baronies, although they were not much used for administrative purposes and thus figure little in the records relevant to genealogical research. There were about 325 baronies in the country representing land divisions of great antiquity based on the Gaelic clan and family holdings. Their origin is uncertain. Possibly based on Early Irish Kingdoms or created by the Normans as an area ruled by a Baron.
Number: 23 in Cork.
Use: Collection of Taxes in 1800s,Census Applotments Books and Griffiths.
Workhouses were set up from the 1830s on to try to deal with the most destitute. The Poor Law Union Act of 1838 divided the country up into districts in which those local people who paid tax were responsible for the upkeep of the poor. The Poor Law Unions essentially were a means of organizing the Workhouse system for the relief of the Poor. They became the bases of the registration districts used for state records of births, marriages and deaths. Parishes and Baronies were often split between Unions and sometimes Counties. Townlands were not split. The Unions were also divided into Electoral Divisions that consisted of a number of Townlands for the purpose of electing the Board of Guardians of Work Houses by rate payers. This unit, in time, became the District Electoral Division. Dispensary Districts were created in 1851, and consisted of a number of Electoral divisions. These became Registrar’s Districts in 1864, the start of Civil registration in Ireland.
Number: 15 in Cork plus 3 others shared with Tipperary, Limerick and Waterford.
Use: As indicated above but also used today for national Elections and the Registration of Births, Marriages, and Deaths.
There are 32 counties in Ireland, varying greatly in size and population. Generally speaking, they are much larger and more populous than American counties.
There are four provinces in Ireland, Ulster (9 counties), Connacht (5 counties), Munster (6 counties) and Leinster (12 counties).
Griffith’s Valuation of County Cork took place during 1851-1853. It lists only one DORGAN in the Parishes surrounding Ballycotton. This is John DORGAN, the brother of Patrick DARGAN (a variant spelling of DORGAN) who was the father of Patrick J. DORGAN. John DORGAN lived in the townland of Garryvoe Lower, in the civil parish of Garryvoe, in the P.L.U. of Middleton:
|PLACENAME or TOWNLAND:||Garryvoe Lower|
|POOR LAW UNION:||Midleton|
The same Griffith’s Valuation of County Cork in 1851-1853 (LDS film #0830537) lists a Patrick DARGAN (a variant spelling of DORGAN). This Patrick DARGAN is the brother of John DORGAN and the father of Patrick J. DORGAN. Patrick DARGAN had a house, offices, and land in Carrigkilter: 14 acres, 5 perches, 3 roods 21 perches and 10 acres, 3 roods and 25 perches.
The acres used in Griffith’s Valuation are “English” acres, as opposed to “Irish” acres. An English acre is composed of 4 roods, and one rood is composed of 40 perches. A perch is equal to a square rod and a rod is equal to 16.5 feet. Thus a perch is equal to 16.5 x 16.5 = 272.25 square feet, a rood is 272.25 x 40 = 10,890 square feet, and an acre = 10,890 x 4 = 43,560 square feet. An Irish acre is about 1and 2/3rds the size of an English acre.
He is also listed in the Valuation of Tenements 1855 in Carrigkilter as Patrick DARGON, another variant of the DORGAN name. He died before his son, Patrick J. DORGAN, married Mary Catherine HARTNETT on November 26, 1886. He is documented as “deceased” on their marriage certificate.
The following DORGANs resided in East County Cork during Griffith’s Valuation, specifically in these townlands: