PATRICK DARGAN AND ANN FLYNN
PATRICK DARGAN (DORGAN) was born on a farm in Carrigkilter, Ballycotton, Parish of Cloyne, County Cork on or about 1830. His father, whose name we do not know, leased this farm from Thomas Garde Durdin, a Protestant landowner who died in 1867. This was the era between the Penal Laws (1690s) and Roman Catholic Emancipation (1829). Catholics were not allowed to “own” land nor “vote”. Thomas Garde Durdin owned many acres of land that he leased to the tenant farmers.
All five children of Patrick DARGAN and his wife, Ann Flynn, were born on the farm in Carrigkilter. Ann Flynn may have come from Ballyandreen. There are Flynn’s in that area today. In the records, Ann Flynn is known as Ann, Johanna, and Nancy Flynn, Flinn, and Fling. She is buried with her husband at Ballymacoda “Hill Top” Cemetery near Ladysbridge, East Cork.
My Internet friend, Jerry Kelly, tells me that Ann Flynn’s maiden name in Irish was Ní Fhloinn = ‘Granddaughter of Flonn’. Flonn is a variant form of Flann which means ‘ruddy’ as in a ruddy complexion. Again, ‘of’ is actually included in the word Floinn by the insertion of the “i”.
Here is an account of the times of Patrick DARGAN. Patrick leased the land in Carrigkilter from Thomas Garde Durdin. Thomas Garde Durdin would arrive in East Cork from England each year to collect the rents. While in Cork he stayed at one of his estates: Shanagarry “Castle” or Sunville House. Patrick paid Thomas Garde Durdin 24 English pounds, 15 Shillings, and 0 Pence annually for 14 Acres, 0 Roods, and 5 Perches (Property 8A) and 10 Acres, 3 Roods, and 25 Perches (Property 8B) in Carrigkilter according to Griffith’s Valuation of Tenements, Parish of Ballintemple (Churchtown) in 1853. That was a sizeable amount in those days.
Dave Clements, an internet friend, tells an interesting story about the Durdins. Many people believe that the Durdins were descended from the William Penn family, the founder of Pennsylvania. They were not. They obtained ownership of part of the Penn estate (Shangarry Castle) only by marriage and a 30 year lawsuit. The following is a brief outline
Alexander Durdin (1712-1807), father of Michael and grandfather of Thomas, married 4 times. His 3rd wife was Ann Vaux Penn, the estranged wife of William Penn and potential heir to 1/4 of all the Penn family holdings in Ireland and America.
Alexander Durdin was a Dublin lawyer in 1767 when Ann Vaux came looking for help to support her claim to the inheritance. Two months later, they were married and 2 months after that she died leaving Durdin as her heir.
He then proceeded with a lawsuit that continued through the American Revolution to get a share of the moneys. Part of what he obtained was Shangarry Castle and 1/2 the estate.
Durdin also managed to get possession of Huntington Castle in Carlow. A Durdin family still lives there.
Alex Durdin, married a 4th time and had 10 or 12 children (different versions exist). Thomas Garde was eldest son of Warham the eldest son of Alex.
Michael was the youngest son and the only child for whom Burke’s does not list a wife or residence. We don’t know what happened with Michael but by 1851 he and his wife Mary Jane Adams and his children are in Canada.
His two sons are listed as a carpenter and a tailor. His daughter is married to an farmer who had emigrated from Wicklow.
The previous tenant was Maurice Cusack. He went bankrupt and Patrick DARGAN later leased the same land about 1855.
In the 1855 Landlord Index of “County Cork Encumbered Estates” (Volume 4, FHL Film No. 25883), Thomas Garde Durdin, Esq. sold his land holdings at auction on 19 June 1855.
At the time he held the “Lands of Killderrig, Carrigkilter, Coalvodig otherwise Sunviille, Ballybraher West, Snugborough, Ballyronahan, Ballybraher East, Ballinamona, and part of Shanagarry – 19 June 1855 – (lot maps).”
His total land holdings amounted to a sizeable 935 acres, 1 rood and 10 perches for which he was valued (taxed) 749 English Pounds.
This is the date that Patrick Dargan “bought” his farm … a farm that he had formerly “leased” from Thomas Garde Durdin. This is the first recorded Dorgan “deed of sale” since the English Reformation of the late 1500s. I have sent for a copy of this deed from the Dublin Archives.
Patrick DARGAN’S yearly rent was 17 English Pounds for the land and 1 Pound, 5 Shillings for the buildings. If he improved the land, the rent would increase each year.
Thomas Garde Durdin died in 1867.
In the 1880s, the Land Reform Acts went into effect sponsored by Michael Davitt of the Irish Parliament and later by Charles Stewart Parnell a member of the House of Commons of the English Parliament.
The Land Acts sought reform in three areas called the three F’s: Freedom of Rent, Freedom of Tenure and Freedom from Eviction without trial.
Amazingly, the Protestant landowners peacefully went back to England in the 1880s and 1890s never to return to their estates.
The tenant farmers continued to pay their rents to the State in the 1880s and 1890s. After the 1920s the State made these tenant farmers the actual “owners” of the lands they once leased!
Patrick DARGAN bought the DORGAN Pub in Cloyne, East County Cork in 1865 and it remained in the DORGAN name until it was sold in 1998.
It is now known as “Aunty Biddie’s” although the DORGAN name remains on the marquee.